UK diabetes cases hit three million

Diabetes cases in UK hit high of 3 million

An estimated seven million persons are at high risk of Type 2 diabetes inside the UK

Three million people within the UK have now been diagnosed with diabetes, says analysis by charity Diabetes UK, which warns that this new high could create an incredible burden at the NHS.

Most of those cases are Type 2 diabetes, brought on by the UK’s ageing population and rapidly rising numbers of overweight and obese people.

Another 850,000 individuals are thought to have undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes.

The total represents a rise of 132,000 over the former year.

In 1996, the variety of people diagnosed with both sorts of diabetes was 1.4 million; the most recent figure is three million. Roughly 90% of those have Type 2 diabetes.

It is estimated that, by 2025, five million people can have diabetes.

Experts have previously warned that unless more is finished to avoid Type 2 diabetes, and more assistance is given to these with the condition, the rise may have huge implications for public health.

Diabetes UK said that each year in England and Wales, 24,000 individuals with diabetes died sooner than expected, a situation that was expected to get even worse without urgent action.

The charity made the announcement of the hot figures firstly of a public awareness campaign aiming to achieve the estimated seven million people at high risk of diabetes.

Barbara Young, chief executive of Diabetes UK, said she was concerned by the numbers.

“There is no such thing as a reason to think this can mark the tip of what have been a rapid rise inside the condition.

“Instead, all of the projections suggest that the 3 million figure can be a grim staging post at the road towards a public health emergency and this unfolding tragedy is already putting huge pressure at the NHS and may have potentially devastating consequences for those individuals who develop the condition.”

But she said this case was avoidable.

“By identifying those at high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, we will ensure they begin getting support to make the type of lifestyle changes that may help prevent it.

“And by guaranteeing individuals who have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are already getting the care and support they want, we will be able to help them avoid the devastating complications diabetes may cause.”

Breakfast associated with ‘healthy heart’

Breakfast associated with ‘healthy heart’

Could a bowl of cereal help your heart?

People should eat breakfast to maintain their hearts in good shape, per researchers within the US.

Their study of 27,000 men, within the journal Circulation, showed those skipping breakfast were at a better risk of cardiovascular disease.

The team on the Harvard School of Public Health said missing the meal put an “extra strain” at the body.

The British Heart Foundation said breakfast helped people resist sugary snacks before lunch.

The men, aged 45-82, were studied for 16 years. During that point there have been greater than 1,500 heart attacks or cases of fatal heart failure.

However, those who skipped breakfast were 27% likely to have cardiovascular disease than people that started the day with a meal. The researchers adjusted for other lifestyle risk factors comparable to smoking and exercise.

Researcher, Dr Leah Cahill told the BBC: “The take-home message is eat within the morning for those who awaken, preferably within an hour.

“The outcomes show that something is best than nothing, but it is often better to have something healthy and balanced.”

She said the timing of the meal gave the impression to be key and waiting until lunch instead of “breaking fast” could be straining the body through the years.

She said this may be increasing the danger of hypertension, obesity and diabetes which may in turn damage the guts.

“Don’t skip breakfast,” Dr Cahill concluded.

Victoria Taylor, a dietitian with the British Heart Foundation, said: “These researchers only checked out men aged over 45, so we’d must see further research to make sure that breakfast has an identical impact at the heart health of alternative groups of folk.

“What we do know is that a healthy and filling breakfast could make that mid-morning biscuit less tempting, in addition to providing you with another opportunity to widen the variability of foods on your diet.

“Wholegrain toast, or cereals like porridge with low fat milk are so that it will start the day. Try a sliced banana or dried fruit on top and you will be in your method to five-a-day before you’ve even left the home.”

HIV baby ‘cured’ by treatment

US HIV baby ‘cured’ by early drug treatment

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system

A female descendant within the US born with HIV appears to were cured after very early treatment with standard drug therapy, researchers say.

The Mississippi child is now two-and-a-half years old and have been off medication for approximately a year with out a signs of infection.

More testing has to be done to determine if the treatment would have the identical effect on other children.

But the consequences may be able to result in a cure for youngsters with HIV.

If the woman stays healthy it’d be only the world’s second reported cure.

Dr Deborah Persaud, a virologist at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, presented the findings on the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Atlanta.

“It is a proof of idea that HIV may be potentially curable in infants,” she said.

Cocktail of drugs

In 2007, Timothy Ray Brown became the primary person on this planet believed to have recovered from HIV.

His infection was eradicated through an elaborate treatment for leukaemia that involved the destruction of his immune system and a stem cell transplant from a donor with an extraordinary genetic mutation that resists HIV infection.

In contrast, the case of the Mississippi baby involved a cocktail of widely available drugs already used to regard HIV infection in infants.

It suggests the treatment worn out HIV before it would form hideouts inside the body.

These so-called reservoirs of dormant cells usually rapidly re-infect anyone who stops medication, said Dr Persaud.

The baby was born in a rural hospital where the mummy had only just tested positive for HIV infection.

Because the mum had not been given any prenatal HIV treatment, doctors knew the child was at high risk of being infected.

Researchers said the infant was then transferred to the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson.

Once there, paediatric HIV specialist Dr Hannah Gay put the newborn on a cocktail of 3 standard HIV-fighting drugs at just 30 hours old, even before laboratory tests came back confirming the infection.

“I just felt like this baby was at higher-than-normal risk and deserved our greatest shot,” Dr Gay said.

Plain packs ‘help smokers to quit’

Plain cigarette packs ‘encourage smokers to quit’

Plain packaging of cigarettes was introduced in Australia last December

Selling cigarettes in unbranded packs seems to make tobacco less appealing and encourages smokers to quit, suggests a study.

The work comes from Australia – the primary country to introduce plain packaging.

The BMJ Open research checked out the impact of the policy on 536 smokers within the state of Victoria.

The findings come days after ministers were criticised for placing on hold a plan to impose plain packs in England.

Downing Street denied the Tories’ election strategist, Lynton Crosby, were liable for the delay to straightforward packaging.

Mr Crosby’s links with alcohol and tobacco companies had been called into question by some MPs.

Defending the verdict to delay, Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said the govt. wanted more time to peer how the policy had worked in Australia.

The BMJ Open study gives an early indication of precisely this.

Researchers polled a sample of smokers during November 2012 when plain packs were already available within the run as much as the rustic-wide introduction of the legislation.

Almost three out of 4 (72.3%) were smoking cigarettes from plain packs while the remaining (27.7%) were still using branded packs with smaller health warnings.

Compared with branded pack smokers, smokers using plain packs were 66% prone to think their cigarettes were poorer quality than a year ago they usually were 70% likely to say they discovered them less satisfying.

They were also 81% likely to have considered quitting once or more an afternoon throughout the previous week.

And plain pack smokers were 51% likely to back the obvious pack policy than were brand pack smokers.

Kate Alley, Cancer Research UK’s tobacco policy manager, said: “This new evidence from Australia confirms what we already know, selling cigarettes in standardised packs makes smoking less appealing and encourages smokers to quit.

“When cigarettes aren’t disguised by flashy packaging and punctiliously crafted branding, smokers see them for what they’re – a lethal product which kills 1/2 its long run users.”

She said ministers should “stop stalling” and introduce standardised packs within the UK once possible, adding that 85% of the British public wanted government action to minimize the choice of children who smoke.

Simon Gillespie, of the British Heart Foundation, said: “These are clear-cut findings about how existing smokers have reacted to the changes in Australia. Westminster has absolutely no excuse for delaying legislation to introduce standardised packaging.”

A Department of Health spokeswoman said: “We take very seriously the possibility of standardised packaging to minimize smoking rates, but in light of the differing views, we’ve got decided to attend until the emerging impact of the verdict in Australia might be measured, after which we’ll come to a decision in England.

“This decision is a vital one and whilst we keep it under review, we’ll be continuing to implement our existing plan to attenuate smoking rates through ending the display of tobacco in all shops, running national behaviour change campaigns to encourage smokers to quit and thru supporting local authorities to give effective quit smoking services.”

Nurses’ care concerns ‘discouraged’

Many nurses ‘feel discouraged’ from raising care concerns

More than half people who said that they had spoken out said their concerns were ignored

Many nurses believe the NHS has a culture that daunts staff from raising concerns about patient care, a survey suggests.

Almost 30% of 800 nurses polled by Nursing Times magazine said being seen as a troublemaker was the most important barrier to them speaking out.

Inaction by managers was cited as a barrier by 23%.

The government said it had taken measures to support whistle-blowers and was considering further action.

Some 84% of respondents to the poll said they’d raised concerns a few colleague’s practice or attitude.

A total of 23% of the nurses said they’d done so “several times” or “regularly”, and 23% “at least one time”.

But of these who had raised concerns, 52% said there have been no appropriate outcome when they had spoken out and an identical percentage said they’d faced negative consequences due to doing so.

‘Ostracised and bullied’

The poll comes after the general public inquiry into the flaws at Stafford Hospital – run by Mid Staffordshire NHS Trust – highlighted an absence of support for nurses who tried to boost concerns.

The inquiry report by Robert Francis QC argued for “fundamental change” within the culture of the NHS to make certain patients were put first.

Nursing Times editor Jenni Middleton said: “If we wish to make certain Mid Staffs doesn’t happen again, we must welcome the input of staff and make sure they’re heard, without fear of reprisal.”

She added: “I actually have personally spoken to nurses who, having raised concerns, were sidelined and ostracised by their employers, bullied and marginalised by their colleagues – and emerge as feeling ashamed and guilty, in addition to concerned that their careers are over.

“Regulation plays its part, after all, however the ability of staff to identify what is going on is irreplaceable in ensuring that the NHS is a secure NHS.”

Dr Peter Carter, chief executive of the Royal College of Nursing, said: “It is rather worrying that an enormous variety of nurses still feel their concerns are going unheard, even worse that some need to live with the specter of reprisal.”

Dean Royles, chief executive of the NHS Employers organisation, said that while there were “enormous efforts” by employers to encourage staff to talk out “we have to do more to construct their confidence that they could voice concerns in safety”.

‘Duty of openness’

Health minister Dan Poulter said: “We’re determined that staff who’ve the courage and integrity to talk out within the interests of patient safety are protected and listened to.

“We have got already taken more than a few measures to offer protection to and support whistleblowers within the NHS, including funding a countrywide helpline, embedding rights of their employment contracts and issuing new guidance in partnership with trades unions and employers.”

He said a brand new “contractual duty of openness” would apply to the NHS organisations from April when coping with patients.

He added that ministers were also considering whether or not they had to “go further” within the wake of the Stafford Hospital report.

Children’s happiness ‘is declining’

Children’s happiness in UK at the decline, report says

Teenagers aged 14 and 15 seem to feel the worst

The happiness of kids within the UK is in decline, with 15% of young teenagers reporting low well-being, a report from a children’s charity says.

The Children’s Society’s Good Childhood Report says well-being has dipped since 2008 after a period of improvement from 1994.

Teenagers aged 14 and 15 are said to have the bottom self-satisfaction, with 15% reporting low well-being.

The charity says the drop shouldn’t be dismissed as normal early-teen angst.

About 42,000 eight to 17-year-olds were quizzed about their well-being using a mixture of extensively trialled questions.

The report found that around four-fifths of kids can be said to be “flourishing”.

This was defined as having scored on or above the mid-point for questions on their life satisfaction and psychological well-being.

‘Family conflict’

But one in 10 children might be said to have low well-being, defined as scoring below the mid-point for a similar questions.

Such children are several times much more likely than people with average to high well-being to experience family conflict, bullying, problems of their friendships and other negative experiences.

The researchers said previous research had consistently found that well-being declined between the age of eight and 15.

It added that the brand new findings showed this age-related downward trend reversed at 16 or 17 for all times satisfaction, psychological well-being and selection.

The areas with the best falls between eight and 15 concerned school, appearance, money/possessions and the longer term, the researchers said.

Those with the best increases among teenagers aged 15 and 17 are choice, family and appearance.

The researchers added: “Appearance appears a side of life that may be a particular issue for kids of their early teenage years. There’s a large drop in happiness with appearance between the ages of eight and 12, which continues at a low level for 13, 14 and 15-year-olds, after which increases again at 16 and 17 years old.”

‘Incredibly worrying’

Children said that having loving and supportive family relationships was important. Having a cheap level of choice and autonomy – particularly for youths – was vital.

Chief executive of the Children’s Society Matthew Reed said: “The well-being of our future generation within the UK is necessary, so it can be incredibly worrying that any improvements this country has seen in children’s well-being over the past 20 years seem to have stalled.

“These startling findings show that we should always be paying particular attention to improving the happiness of this country’s teenagers. These findings clearly show that we won’t simply dismiss their low well-being as inevitable ‘teen grumpiness’.

“They’re facing very real problems we will all work to unravel, corresponding to not feeling safe at home, being exposed to family conflict or being bullied.”

The charity said it didn’t know why well-being gave the impression to have stalled but indicated that issues reminiscent of poverty and unemployment that may be connected with the commercial downturn may well be portion of the cause.

Psychologist Linda Papadopoulos said it was important to not dismiss this dip in well-being among 14 and 15-year-olds as inevitable and “just teenagers being teenagers”.

“We actually must seek advice from this generation and hear what they need to say.

“Children and youths deserve proper support, choices and a good say of their own lives. Being unhappy is certainly not an inevitable portion of growing up. We owe it to our kids to aid them flourish up to possible.”

Dr Carol Fuller, associate professor of education and assistant director of study on the University of Reading’s Institute of Education, said: “That children’s wellbeing is at the decline, particularly amongst those aged 14-15, is hardly surprising given the massive amount of stresses put on them.

“To illustrate, at this age we’re asking them to make educational choices for you to have consequences for the remainder of their lives. We also live in a society that makes judgements about you in line with your level of tutorial ‘success’, so the pressure to gain is extraordinary as they enter this era in their lives.”

Footballer heart monitors considered

Heart monitors for footballers would be investigated

The quick actions of medical staff were credited with saving Fabrice Muamba’s life

The world body that governs the foundations of football has agreed to research the opportunity of allowing players to wear heart monitors during games.

It follows the case of Bolton player Fabrice Muamba, who suffered a cardiac arrest at the pitch last year and was forced to retire from the sport.

The International Football Association Board (IFAB) agreed to form a collection to check the usage of heart monitors.

It followed a suggestion from the Scottish Football Association (SFA).

The IFAB consultation group can be created from medics, coaches, former players and IFAB technical sub-committee members.

Its annual meeting, held in Edinburgh under the chairmanship of SFA president Campbell Ogilvie, were asked to approve trials of an electronic chip in players’ shirts which could potentially warn of medical problems.

Currently banned

The data from the chip can be fed back to a laptop pc, that could be monitored by medical staff and coaches.

The SFA proposal suggests the chips could monitor a player’s heart performance, the space they have got run and changes of their body function.

Electronic communication between players and staff is currently banned, but some clubs already use GPS tracking devices and body sensors during training to evaluate performance.

The SFA proposal would extend their use to competitive fixtures.

SFA chief executive Stuart Regan said: “i feel any information provided a couple of player’s heart rate in a live match situation can only be useful.

“We do not know if a system like this may have prevented a Fabrice Muamba-type situation, but certainly providing coaches and doctors with real-time information we believe is an important breakthrough.”

‘Interfering with play’

The IFAB, which is composed of the FAs of britain, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales in addition to Fifa, also agreed to vary the wording of the offside rule, further discussed goal-line technology and adjusted the governing body’s own structure in an try to improve decision-making and transparency.

It was agreed to alter the wording that explains when a player is ruled to be “interfering with play” during an offside decision to make it less open to interpretation and more precise.

However, alterations to the law governing drop-balls was postponed for further consultation.

The IFAB last summer approved the introduction of goal-line technology, that may be used for the 2014 World Cup, and its annual meeting agreed that “the verdict whether to permit replays of goal-line incidents for broadcast purposes and/or on stadium giant-screens, is to be made independently by individual competition organisers”.

It would even be left to every competition organiser to make your mind up whether it wishes to apply the technology in individual matches, or all matches of a tournament.

In trying to tackle criticism of its own governance and consultation, the IFAB agreed to establish two new advisory panels: a Technical Panel – comprising refereeing experts from around the globe – and a Football Panel, composed of roughly 20 former players and coaches, current coaches, FIFAPro and Confederation technical directors.