Polio vaccinators killed in Nigeria

Nigeria polio vaccinators shot dead in Kano

Nigeria is one in every of only three countries where polio continues to be endemic

Nine female polio vaccinators were killed in two shootings at health centres in northern Nigeria, police have told the BBC.

In the primary attack in Kano the polio vaccinators were shot dead by gunmen who drove up on a motor tricycle.

Thirty minutes later gunmen targeted a clinic outside Kano city because the vaccinators prepared to start out work.

Some Nigerian Muslim leaders have previously opposed polio vaccinations, claiming they may cause infertility.

On Thursday, a controversial Islamic cleric spoke out against the polio vaccination campaign, telling people who new cases of polio were due to contaminated medicine.

Such opposition is a serious reason Nigeria is one in every of just three countries where polio remains to be endemic.

But it truly is believed to be the primary time polio vaccinators has been attacked inside the country.

Some Kano residents told the BBC’s Yusuf Yakasai within the city that folks injured inside the first attack were taken to hospital.

A health official confirmed to the BBC that those killed within the second attack in Hotoro were female medical examiners – there have been earlier reports that folk waiting on the clinic could have been among those shot.

Witnesses in Hotoro told the BBC gunmen also approached the health centre using a motor tricycle.

Kano banned motorbikes from carrying passengers after a up to date attack at the prominent Muslim leader, the emir of Kano.

Analysts believe the attacks could have been the work of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram nonetheless it has not yet commented.

The group – whose name translates as “Western education is forbidden” – says it’s fighting to overthrow the govt. and impose Sharia.

It was blamed for the deaths of a few 1,400 people in central and northerly Nigeria since 2010.

According to the worldwide Polio Eradication Initiative, there have been 121 cases of polio in Nigeria last year, when compared with 58 in Pakistan and 37 in Afghanistan.

In the past month, polio workers have also been targeted and killed in Pakistan, where the Taliban have threatened anti-polio efforts – accusing medical examiners of working as US spies and alleging that the vaccine makes children sterile.

Herbal stimulant khat to be banned

Herbal stimulant khat to be banned

Khat is a “mild stimulant”, the ACMD said

The herbal stimulant khat is to be banned by the govt, against the recommendation of its own Advisory Council at the Misuse of medicine.

In January the ACMD said khat should remain a legal substance, saying there has been “insufficient evidence” it caused illnesses.

But Home Secretary Theresa May has decided to prohibit it, saying the hazards posed might have been underestimated.

Khat would be treated as a category C drug, like cannabis and ketamine.

The Home Office said the ban was intended to “protect vulnerable members of our communities” and will be brought in on the “earliest possible opportunity”.

Khat is already banned in most of Europe and in plenty of other countries, including the united states and Canada.

The UK’s decision to follow suit relies on security and international considerations, mainly concerns the united kingdom might be used as a transit route for khat to other European countries.

“Failure to take decisive action and alter the united kingdom’s legislative position on khat would place the UK at a significant risk of changing into a single, regional hub for the illegal onward trafficking,” Mrs May said in an announcement.

But campaigners said they were “disappointed and anxious” on the government’s decision to reject the advisory council’s advice.

“A more proportionate alternative to banning khat and criminalising its use would were an import ban or making it a supply offence only as applies, for instance, to controlled anabolic steroids,” said Martin Barnes from charity Drugscope.

‘Significant social problem’

Khat is traditionally utilized by members of the Somali, Yemeni and Ethiopian communities.

The Home Office commissioned a review by the ACMD and, reporting its ends up in January, it said chewing khat produced a “mild stimulant effect less potent than stimulant drugs, similar to amphetamine”.

The ACMD found “no evidence” khat, manufactured from leaves and shoots of a shrub cultivated within the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and containing the stimulant cathinone, was directly linked with serious or organised crime.

But the federal government said on Wednesday that it was concerned that a scarcity of evidence can have led the ACMD to underestimate the danger to communities posed by the drug.

Somali groups within the UK had told the ACMD that use of khat was a “significant social problem” and said it caused medical issues and family breakdowns.

The ACMD said withdrawal symptoms similar to tiredness and depression were related to khat, and recommended that the NHS should educate the general public about these where necessary.

A government spokesman said ministers desired to allow law enforcement officials to take advantage of their discretion when coping with low-level possession offences, much within the same way they approach those carrying cannabis for private use.

But repeat and serious offenders would face criminal sanctions, the spokesman added.

Chief Constable Andy Bliss, speaking for the Association of Chief Law enforcement officials, said “there can be a case” for treating khat possession on this way.

“a primary offence by an adult generally attracts a warning and a second the issuing of a penalty notice, before escalating to arrest and prosecution,” he said.

“We are going to explore this possibility with the house Office and with the school of Policing over forthcoming weeks.”